2011 transcendence
3gp stuart little 3 hindi mobile movies download
abhang mp3 download
abuelos maduros desnudos orinando en baos publicos
05 jalwa electro baas mix 8 mb mp3
89 mustang manual pdf
3d palace optimus prime masterclass 3dsmax
150 cartoon classics dvdrip xvid mp
2011 adobe illustrator cs5 mac serial numbers
3d lolicon video
acrobat xi pro keygen
ab initio molecular orbital theory
acsms resources for the group exercise instructor
a practical english grammar exercises 4th edition
a summit city christmas ethan day
3d lolicon painter
2011 his mothers house 1974
abg ngentot 3gp
acer aspire 5732z recovery disk
9696xpvr new version
2011 dallas buyers club ita
acoustica mixcraft 6 1 217 multilingual
aap mujhe achche lagne lage indonesia subtitle
2011 zoo animal horse sex
activation key for gmail hacker pro
3d sex villa 2 game
19 year old worlds biggest tit hoe suckin fuckin mp4
a qualcuno piace caldo 1959 streaming film
2 husbands suck each other while wives watch free video
1992 suzuki gsx1100g repair manual
acidic precipitation case studies
3gp ocuk porno videolar indir checked
a companion to marxs capital volume 2
a suivre collection complte 239 tomes 7 hs bd
2702 monika
a for windows 8
30 days to masterful nlp anchoring by michael
acer gamezone console
aaranya kaandam 2011
8 high elves army book pdf
24 season 2
a practical guide to linux commands editors and shell programming 3rd edition
3d girlz simmulator 2011 full version
2011 the sluggers come home video the stanford video guide to negotiating
3gp melayu seks
2011 jandara
abg perawan www bokepwap uni cc
a wedding invitation 2013
19 10 2013 15 wmv
a serbian film 2010 dvdrip x264 mp
3d collection repack french dvdrip
2011 tukacad new version
a game of thrones d20 based open gaming rpg
2011 never back down 2008
a nous les lolyceennes new version
a captain and a corset by mary wine downloads
a winters tale
access 2007 product key
300 rise of an empire subtitle indonesia
active mixer devices downloads
100 sexy lingerie girls
2013 q3 navteq
3gp arabic sex 3gp updated
a logical journey from godel to philosophy
2004 cadillac xlr neiman marcus edition
actihealth download
300 rise of an empire 2014 web dl 720p x264 dual audio hindi cam cleaned english prisakhkrg
7 speed reading serial tested
abp 072 sakura kokomi jav censored
2011 le manoir magique 2013 dvdrip
2011 main tera hero hd movie
2011 malayalam actress swetha menon blue film zip
101 macam memek becek
a single shot 2013 720p brrip x264 yify downl
8dio adagietto
5 seconds of summer she looks so perfect ep 2
1080 solo category xxx
3gp abg sex indo
2171 joe schwarcz dr joe
2011 afrikaoli
2011 mr twiddle dont be silly
acadia veneer 335 mb
4d v12 database
088 saajan o saajan aaja 3 mb mp3
2011 ame lai gaya tame rahi gaya free
2011 route 66 crack android
a flat stomach asap
05 tamil dirty audio talk sl 4 mb
2011 dirty blood
20 guys cummed in my asshole
01 dr alban born in africa original radio version 8 mb mp3
2011 lemon chili themeforest
4k ultimate icons shortcode for visual composer add ons
3gp diperkosa
10 handed tickle team
a perfect blood kim harrison
3d catwalk poison 02 maria ozawa xxx 2011 1080p x264 ac3 half sbs lugian
3d rio 2011 3d hsbs dual audio espaol latino in
213 the hard way cd flac 2004 mrflac
2011 the narnia code hdtv xvid

Why Every Minute Is Not Therapy (or a short case for why it shouldn’t be)

Filed Under (Acceptance, Activism, Advocacy, Autism and Employment, Autism and Intelligence, Contributions to Society, Critical Disability Studies, Discrimination, Inclusion, Research) by Estee on 08-09-2011

The gods had condemned Sisyphus to ceaselessly rolling a rock to the top of a mountain, whence the stone would fall back of its own weight. They had thought with some reason that there is no more dreadful punishment than futile and hopeless labor.

I heard this term used by someone today. It is often used in ABA-speak — that every minute of every day must be a form of “therapy” for the autistic child. Some believe this is necessary because there is a belief that autistic children are not learning unless they are doing it in a way that that we can understand…measurable. This made me think of Sisyphus and the futile attempts we make in trying to normalize an autistic person.

The truth is, we take comfort in measures. Yet as I wrote in my essay/presentation The Mismeasure of Autism, we cannot hold autistic people up against the same measures as we do of people with typical people. Not all brains are wired in the same way.

For example, women have quickly discovered that when we compare ourselves to men in the workplace, or try to behave like men, we fail. In pretending to be like men, we can undergo a great deal of stress because we are working against our nature. When we are valued for the manner in which we can accomplish the same tasks as men, but in our own way, we discover that our differences can be beneficial to the workplace. Women to men are as autistic people to neurotypical ones: different and equal.

I was reminded of the contributions of those who are different from the film titled Journey Into Dyslexia, which profiles accomplished people with dyslexia. The trailer can be seen by clicking here.

During the film, dyslexic individuals describe their trauma with the education system — how no one appreciated the unique wiring of their brain and tried to make the dyslexic students learn like typical ones. I was so saddened by the life-long adverse effects this had on them.

In another segment, a researcher discusses how dyslexic individuals have unique abilities and pattern recognition and explain that our world would not be the same without such thinkers. This reminded me of the research being done which shows advanced perceptual ability in autistic individuals of all functioning levels.

It should be said that in the film about dyslexia, individuals do not appear disabled. In autism, this isn’t always the case. While some individuals do not physically appear different, others are distiguishable by their various eye-gaze, facial expression, gait and idiosyncratic body movements (which serve most often to regulate or feel the body in space), referred to as self-stimulatory behaviour. I thought to myself that in our (still) disabled-adverse society, it is easier to accept dyslexic people, that is, sadly easier to accept people who do not have any obvious appearance of disability. Yet, dyslexics did not always have the same recognition and status. Dyslexic students were labeled and marginalized — called stupid — and not much was expected from them in the future.

Time changed that. Studies of the brain and achievements and activism by dyslexic individuals changed it too. So I had to wonder, as I always do when I watch such movies, why it is taking so long for the autistic community to receive such recognition and access? There are scientific studies that demonstrate advanced perceptual abilities, patterning skills in autistic individuals despite the labels of “functioning levels.” There is anecdotal evidence that autistic individuals are exceptional employees — reliable, honest, able to do detailed and repetitive work, and perhaps even able to design world-renowned facilities (think Temple Grandin).

Still, we as an autistic community (meaning parents, researchers and autistic people) tend to discount the mounting evidence. While I don’t wish to go into yet another lengthy about high and low functioning labels, but I will reiterate that they are unreliable in determining intelligence levels. Not all intelligences can be measured the same way, as demonstrated by many of the neurological differences which now have labels out there. This is also explained brilliantly in the film.

We can learn from our fellow disability communities. We can turn to ones, like the dyslexic community, in learning how to advocate for autistic individuals. We can definitely acknowledge that it is natural for the human speicies to have differently-wired brains and that these “different” brains are integral to the survival of our speicies (watch the movie for an advanced argument on that point).

That is the reason why the idea that “every minute should be therapy” for the autistic person is a form of discrimination. Underneath the premise is the idea that autistic people need to learn and act like those who are different from them. I cannot imagine the anguish of that experience, and every day I try to feel what Adam must have to go through and what he may come to say of it when he grows older.

Before the hyper-programmed generation (that is, my generation), we had many bored moments when our parents let us figure out what to do on our own. We stared at clouds, talked to ourselves and created laboratories out of our mother’s cosmetic bottles and the contents therein. When I look back, I remember creating many imaginary worlds. Adam’s chatter is considered abnormal to many behaviourists, although I’ve never stopped him. I’ve now learned how valuable that self-chatter is to autistic children for language acquisition.

Compare the way we let typical children play to the existence of the autistic child today. It is said that autistic children can’t learn on their own, let alone imagine, without our intervention. Autistic free time is not valued. Autistic nature is not valued. Autistic learning is not valued and the autistic person is more often than not, underestimated.

I tend to use the story of how Adam taught himself how to read and count in an argument such as this. A more recent example I would use is how he has taught himself how to search for what he wants on the computer. You see, those are the things we see and measure, but I wouldn’t be able to determine how he came to do it. I can’t measure the exact process he went through. I can wait until he is able to explain some of it to me, unscientifically maybe, and I am certain now that he will as his verbal and typing skills catapulted again this summer along with his long days in the fresh air.

If I had turned each and every one of Adam’s minutes — nay existence — into “therapy,” not only would I become completely exhausted and dismayed, but I’m quite certain that Adam would not be has happy and as well adjusted as any young autistic individual can wish to be. He will have his complaints, I am certain. He is up against so much more than I have ever been.

I am thankful for my attitude of late and for the balanced approach that time and experience has given us. It is not always easy to maintain this attitude consistently in our community where autistic children are not taught to their needs or potential, let alone accepted into many schools and taught well. For many autism parents, it is the fear of the future that is the driving force behind the idea that every moment needs to be a therapeutic one. I completely understand that fear.

It is in these very moments when we need to turn to autistic adults and call upon all of our autism societies to spotlight the achievements of autistic individuals of all functioning levels, and their contributions to society. In autism we have Temple Grandin, Vernon Smith (Nobel Prize Winner), Stephen Wiltshire, Daniel Tammet, Donna Williams, Michelle Dawson, Matt Savage, Amanda Baggs, Larry Bissonnette, and so many more autistic contributors. In so many of their stories, we have heard how they have learned and achieved by virtue of their autistic brains and societal accommodation, not from minute-by-minute therapy.

We should do everything to celebrate the achievements of our comrades, as this will enable better services and accommodations for the next generation of autistic people to contribute. If we do not stand up for our own community, what chances will our children have to prove themselves? What chances for acceptance?

Everyone has something to contribute.


About Me


I’m a PhD candidate at York University, Critical Disability Studies, with a multi-disciplinary background in the arts as a curator and writer. I am the Founder of The Autism Acceptance Project (www.taaproject.com), and an enamoured mother of my only son who lives with the autism label. I like to write about our journey, critical issues regarding autism in the area of human rights, law, and social justice, as well as reflexive practices in (auto)ethnographic writing about autism.